Attempts to organize the russian cultural realm
The Soviet Union was the successor to the sprawling imperial Russian Empire. Guided by Marxist ideology and the Communist Party, Soviet leaders attempted to remold the economy, cultural life, and settlement. Centralized national planning was their major tool. Soviet planners recognized the problems caused by Russia's size. During the Five-Year Plans, they constructed roads, canals, railroads, and air routes, and built thousands of new urban centers.
They remolded rural life by socializing agriculture. However, internal discontent with Communist rule, ethnic groups with dreams of independence, and the realization that the Soviet system was too rigid to follow modern economic trends led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Soviet leaders failed to overcome the problems associated with the nation's size, ethnic diversity, and unlinked places. Today, Russian Federation leaders must not repeat those same mistakes.
More than 10 years after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian Federation leaders have developed a number of plans they hope will restore socioeconomic unity and increase prosperity. These plans include:
- strengthening the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS);
- creating an East European Common Market (EECM);
- intensifying Russian Federation socioeconomic and political integration; and
- forging a geopolitical and economic partnership with the United States.